Measure Results

In 2019, the community of Edmonton emitted approximately 17,216,193 tonnes (CO2 equivalent) greenhouse gas emissions. This consisted of:
- 11,033,667 tonnes (64%) from stationary sources such as the combustion of fuels (primarily natural gas) for building heat, and electricity use in residential, commercial, institutional, energy generation, manufacturing and construction settings; 
- 5,303,095 tonnes (31%) from the combustion of fuels for transportation. This includes on-road and off-road vehicles, trains, watercraft, and air traffic;
- 804,069 tonnes (5%) from industrial processes and product/ chemical use
- 161,519 tonnes (1%) from the decomposition of solid waste in landfills and composting, and from wastewater; and,
- Emissions from agriculture, forestry and other land use, which were offset by Edmonton's vegetation (i.e. the large urban forest, river valley and wetlands), resulting in a net absorption of 86,156 tonnes (or -0.5%) of emissions.
Edmonton's emissions profile, including .5% carbon absorption by the urban forest, river valley vegetation, and wetlands.

In 2019, Edmonton's total community greenhouse gas emissions decreased by 5.6% relative to 2005. 


Carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emissions absorb and trap heat in the atmosphere; as these emissions increase our climate changes. These changes include increases in extreme weather and flooding, higher temperatures and heat waves, drought and reduced water supplies, and loss of biodiversity.  

Cities are home to an increasing proportion of the world's population, and provide their citizens with critical supports and infrastructure. To accomplish this, they consume significant amounts of energy and emit more than 70 percent of global energy-related greenhouse gas emissions. This makes cities key players in addressing climate change.
To coordinate and support the reduction of Edmonton's greenhouse gas emissions, City Council approved the Community Energy Transition Strategy (CETS) in 2015. The CETS outlines over 150 actions the City will take to reduce Edmonton's greenhouse gas emissions by 35% relative to 2005, by 2035. To monitor the City's success in accomplishing this, the community's greenhouse gas emissions are measured and reported annually here, and to international networks including the Climate Disclosure Project, and the Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy

Historical Data

Data Sources: ATCO Gas, ATCO Pipelines, EPCOR, EPCOR Water Services, the Edmonton International Airport, Alberta Municipal Affairs, Alberta Environment and Parks, the National Inventory Report, the City of Edmonton Waste Management Center, the National Pollutant Release Inventory, Statistics Canada, and third party waste management companies.

Performance in 2019

... relative to 2018:

  • Total emissions decreased 4.8%.
  • Per capita emissions decreased 5%.
  • Transportation emissions decreased 9%
  • Emissions from waste and waste water increased 10%.
  • Industrial emissions decreased 2%.
Energy Use
  • Per capita energy use decreased 5.4% (from 189 GJ to 178.8 GJ).
  • Alberta's electricity grid emissions decreased 15% (from 800g to 680g/ kWh).
  • Population remained approximately the same. 
  • The area of Edmonton increased by 83 km2. 

... relative to 2005 baseline:

  • Total emissions decreased 5.6%
  • Per capita emissions decreased 5%.
  • Transportation emissions increased 23%.
  • Emissions from waste and waste water increased 100%.
  • Industrial emissions increased 11%.
Energy Use
  • Per capita energy use decreased 26% (from 241.6 to 178.8 GJ).
  • Alberta's electricity grid emission decreased 31% (from 980g to 680g/ kWh).
  • Population increased 27%, from 712,000 to 972,000. 
  • The area of Edmonton increased by 83 km2.

Did you know Edmonton is a municipal leader in transitioning to a low carbon future?

  • In 2018, the Edmonton Declaration was launched by Mayor Don Iveson and Edmonton's City Council at the 2018 IPCC Cities and Climate Change Science Conference. The Declaration is a bold call for cities to take action on climate change. Since its launch, it has been endorsed by over 4500 cities around the world.
  • In 2019, Edmonton became one of only 32 cities in the world to have become fully compliant with its Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy commitment
  • In 2019, City Council instructed the City of Edmonton's Energy Transition team to determine how to update the CETS so it aligns with the Edmonton Declaration, and the latest climate science. These updates are currently scheduled to be presented to City Council in late 2020.
As Edmonton recovers from the downturn in fossil fuel energy markets and the COVID-19 pandemic, opportunities are arising to expedite the community's energy transition. These include economic growth and job opportunities associated with renewable energy systems and building energy retrofits. These opportunities will allow Edmonton to continue transitioning to a greener future. 
Cleaning snow off solar panels

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